51CTRVEEHPL._SL160_While I’ve mentioned Princess Nevermore by Dian Curtis Regan before on this blog, I realized I never actually profiled it independently, so I’m correcting that now. This book is probably the best example of a “reverse” Girls Underground plot – one where the girl starts off in the magical otherworld and enters the real world – and in this case, the otherworld is specifically underground, so that’s perfect! (Check out the reverse tag for more examples.)

Quinn is Princess of the underground kingdom of Mandria, where all magical creatures live since fleeing our world long ago. Her parents exist but are never seen in the story and seem rather distant. Nearing her 16th birthday, Quinn must soon choose a husband and begin her royal duties – but she would much rather journey to the world above and have adventures. A magical mistake sends her to that world, but traps her there too.

Quinn surfaces near an amusement park called WonderLand (as I’ve noted before, Alice in Wonderland references are very common in GU books), and immediately meets an old man who mysteriously knows about Mandria, and his two grandchildren Sarah and Adam. The teens show her the ways of their world and become her companions to some degree. The adversary in this one is a bit anemic, a jock named Zack who lusts after Quinn and then covets her power once he sees her do some subtle magic.

Eventually Quinn must choose between the wonders of the world above – and her blossoming love for Adam – and the familiar joys of her home underground. She has a final showdown with Zack as he tries to steal her magic, before finally discovering the way back home.


“‘I don’t want to be in a new world,’ Lillian said. ‘Maybe so,’ the crow said, ‘but you don’t want to go back to the old one just yet, because over there you’re a dead little snakebit girl.'”

The Cats of Tanglewood Forest – written by one of my favorite authors, Charles DeLint, and illustrated by one of my favorite artists, Charles Vess – is an expansion of their previous picture book, A Circle of Cats. It is perhaps just an Honorable Mention as far as GU plot goes (no overall adversary), but it’s a lovely book worth mentioning.

Lillian is an orphan who lives with her aunt on a farm far from anything else. One day while in the forest, she is bitten by a snake. As she lays dying, the wild cats of the woods gather around her and use their magic to transform her into a kitten – something that won’t be dying. With a fox as her companion and helped by other animals along the way, she visits the possum witch to regain her human shape. The witch undoes the events of the day, but with a warning that other things may also be changed – and when Lillian returns, she finds that her aunt has been snakebitten instead, and has died.

After weeks adjusting to her hard new life, Lillian decides to try to fix what she has inadvertently done, although by this time she believes it to all have been a dream. She seeks the counsel of a native elder, who sends her to the frightening bear people, where she serves the elder in hopes she will help her. (There is a man there who is somewhat of an adversary, but she never really confronts him and he’s not the final barrier to her goal.) But when she finds a potion that enables her to talk to animals, they (including her previous fox companion) help her figure out the truth, and she escapes the bear people to return to the possum witch again.

Once more a kitten, and her aunt alive, Lillian must find one more ally to help her return to her human life with everything intact.

51bsImxUyGL._SL160_“She had expected magic to be very clean and powerful, but instead it was messy and uncomfortable and full of decisions.”

Another “Titular Girl“! Ophelia and the Marvelous Boy by Karen Foxlee is essentially a re-telling of the Snow Queen fairytale (as was Breadcrumbs, previously highlighted here), but manages to be its own story as well. Ophelia, 11, has just lost her mother to illness, and is taken with her older sister and her distant father to a faraway city where it always snows, so her father can work on a special museum exhibition of swords (his specialty). One day while wandering the museum halls, Ophelia finds a boy locked in a secret room, who wants her to help save the world. He tells her he was sent there by wizards 300 years ago to help defeat the Snow Queen, who will soon (in three days’ time) cover the world in ice and snow.

She must perform a series of dangerous tasks – all set in the museum, which means it’s one of those GU stories entirely taking place within a single building – to find a magical sword, and the person who will wield it, and free the boy. The frosty museum curator is, of course, the adversary, the Snow Queen herself (although it takes Ophelia a ridiculously long time to realize this), and she has minions including horribly monsters called “misery birds.” Once Ophelia frees the boy, he becomes her companion, but gets re-captured pretty quickly. She also must rescue her sister, who falls prey to the wiles of the curator.

Once Ophelia finally finds the sword, at the last minute, she realizes the identity of the one she’s been looking for (no surprises here, especially since it’s a GU story), and faces off against the Snow Queen in a sword fight, defeating her before the world freezes forever.

labyrinthAs long-time readers will know, this whole Girls Underground idea started with the movie Labyrinth – my favorite movie of all time, which I’ve seen hundreds of times. As I was watching it again recently, it occurred to me to write down some of the lessons from the Story, ones that are actually quite applicable to many spiritual and magical journeys.

If that is the way it is done, then that is the way you must do it.

Say your right words.

The way forward is sometimes the way back.

You can’t look where you’re going if you don’t know where you’re going.

Quite often it seems like we’re not getting anywhere, when in fact we are.

You get a lot of [false alarms] in the labyrinth, especially when you’re on the right track.

You can’t take anything for granted.

No, it isn’t [fair], but that’s the way it is.

51If8a4ttRL._SL160_Just a quick note on an “Honorable Mention” – the movie Nightbreed based on a Clive Barker story. This is an example of “If the story were about her” – the protagonist’s girlfriend Lori goes in search of answers about her supposedly-dead boyfriend, and ends up discovering the strange world of Midian. She saves a child and is subsequently allowed into the otherworld, goes literally underground, and eventually unites with the so-called monsters there against an evil police captain and psychiatrist. Since it’s not her story, she doesn’t get the final confrontation and certain other necessary GU elements, but from her perspective, it comes close to qualifying.


“Jem, remember who you is. You’ve waited your whole life for this!”

The Flame in the Mist by Kit Grindstaff is a pretty solid GU story, with a decently intelligent protagonist, wise guides and helpers, a nicely complicated set of adversary figures…. and the best part, a pair of golden-furred rats named Noodle and Pie. I couldn’t quite get over those names through the entire story, they are just too wonderful.

Jemma is the youngest child of the Agromond family, who rule their land with cruelty and darkness. She is about to turn 13 when her world is blown apart – she discovers she is not their child after all, and rebels against their evil ways. She flees the castle, with the help of servants and animals, and is accosted in the forest by the spirits of children the Agromonds have killed. They want her help, but she must save herself first.

Eventually, Jemma makes it through the perilous forest and is helped by her friend Digby. They set off to find her real parents, though she temporarily ends up having to rescue Digby before they can move on. Once with her birth family, Jemma’s full history and ancestry is revealed, and she begins to learn how to harness her innate magical abilities, for she is the answer to her whole country’s prayers.

Before she is ready, Jemma is forced to confront the Agromonds when she must rescue Digby’s siblings who have been stolen. She returns “home” and pretends she is on their side, but things fall apart and she is almost defeated. In the end, she must face off against the demon the Agromonds have been working for – alone, of course – and then with her companions’ help, take care of the rest of the family. Then she is able to release the spirits of the children, and dispel the evil Mist that had ruined the land.

Interesting in that the adversaries are her “parents” (distant parents, indeed), and that she feigns a conversion to the dark side the way some other Girls Underground actually succumb to it (Helena in Mirrormask, Lily in Legend).


How will you celebrate the day Alice fell down the rabbit hole?

Whenever I’m in the YA or Intermediate section of a bookstore or library trying to find potential Girls Underground stories, I’ll usually check out anything with a girl’s name in the title. There’s a good shot it will be what I’m looking for. At the very least, it indicates that a girl is the protagonist. Here are the Girls Underground books I’ve covered so far which use this convention (although some might not immediately seem like names):

And of course, anything that simply refers to a “Girl” also bears investigation:


“This is a story about monsters and mazes, and what it means to be lost.”

I picked up Kendra Kandlestar and the Door to Unger by Lee Edward Fodi on a hunch during a recent visit to The Strand in NYC, but noticed it was Book Two of a series, so I picked up the first book as well, Kendra Kandlestar and the Box of Whispers. As expected, though, the first book was only vaguely a Girls Underground story, while the second book fit the archetype much more.

In the Box of Whispers, we are introduced to Kendra Kandlestar, an eleven-year-old Een (a race of small magical creatures) who isn’t quite like other Eens, and whose friends are all talking animals. Her entire family disappeared when she was a baby, and she is being raised by her wizard uncle. One day something terrible breaches the magic curtain that protects the land of Een from the outside world and steals a very important box. Kendra is selected, along with several others, to journey to the outside and retrieve the box. Along the way, she rescues a young Unger, who are the sworn enemies of Eens. The companions pass through a riddle door, and face a dragon adversary. Kendra ends up defeating the adversary by facing her darkest secret, and saves the day. However, it’s not really her story yet – she is just pulled along with events she can’t control.

In the Door to Unger, Kendra becomes a full-fledged Girl Underground with her own quest and volition. An old Unger shows up one night and tells her she must find the mysterious Door to Unger, which will reveal the secrets of her missing family. She sets out with the same group of friends, and they must sneak out of Een through an underground passage. They are delayed in the dwarves’ land by an evil dwarf king who tries to make them his slaves. Instead, Kendra frees all of his other slaves (even though they are monsters), but is left alone in the ensuing chaos, her friends captured. She ends up teaming up with the very same Unger she rescued in the first book, and they form an uneasy alliance. She also acquires a faun as a companion later on, although he is unreliable. Her Unger companion brings her to the Door, which turns out to be the manifestation of an ancient evil wizard who was once an Een himself. So in this story, the classic GU talking door is actually the adversary!

The Door orders Kendra thrown into a terrifying maze along with her companions and many monsters. He gets inside her head and tries to make her believe his lies, including a betrayal by her companion. As she succumbs, she begins to turn into an Unger herself. But Kendra overcomes this manipulation, and realizes a shocking truth about the fate of her family. She breaks the curse of the wizard, which destroys the maze, and rescues her brother… though only temporarily. The stage is set for more adventures.

Totally off-topic, but I have to take a moment here and announce the publication of my new book!


“Who doesn’t want to run away and join the carnival? In 1937, my grandparents did just that. They only toured for a year, but they left with a special gift that – much later – they passed on to me: the secret language of the carnival folk.”

Part memoir, part cultural history, part linguistic exploration, The Secret History of Carnival Talk traces the evolution of this curious manner of speech from its origins on the midway to its use by wrestlers, rappers and children at play. The text is accompanied by 30 fascinating photographs of a Depression-era travelling carnival.

Available directly from Createspace, from Amazon.com, or from your local independent or major bookstore. Signed copies plus postcards and prints of the original photographs available at the Carnival Talk Etsy Shop.

Find out more at carnivaltalk.wordpress.com. You can also play with an English-to-Carny translator, view bonus photos, and more!

“The traffic flow from folklore to fiction and film has always been heavy.” - Maria Tatar, Secrets Beyond the Door

An exploration of story…

In which I describe examples of the Girls Underground archetype that I have discovered in literature and film. For more information regarding the concept, including its earlier incarnations in fairytales and mythology, visit the pages linked above. Here is a list of all the examples I have covered thus far.

Alice Days

Celebrate one of the primary inspirations for Girls Underground - Alice in Wonderland - with a holiday down the rabbit hole and through the looking glass! Check out the Alice Days page for party ideas, movie recommendations, and more.


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