51CJC31Y6HL._SL160_Wishmaster is another horror movie GU entry where the protagonist is a woman rather than a girl or teenager, and the adversary is some kind of demon or killer. It’s amazing how many of these there are!

Alexandra is an appraiser who is given an extraordinary gem to examine, which turns out to hold a djinn (a malevolent spirit), now released accidentally by some kind of spectral analysis. The djinn always tries to get the person who awakens him to make three wishes, upon which the door will open to his world and all the other djinn can come through. He takes the form of a man he has killed and starts hunting Alex, who has visions of the people he torments along the way. All of the people who assist her (companions) are eventually killed. At one point, she journeys to his lair inside the gem, which although not technically underground, certainly gives that impression. She also returns home at one point (due to a wish). Toward the end, she must rescue a family member – her sister, who the djinn has captured. Eventually there is a final confrontation, and Alex makes a very clever third wish and defeats the djinn.

Just found a couple of Girls Underground mentions out in the blogosphere recently….

In Things That I Like: Lesser-known plots and archetypes at White Marble Block, Ryan Gauvreau profiles a number of interesting concepts, including the Maiden’s Tragedy and the Künstlerroman, as well as Girls Underground!

Over at Kelly in Development, which charts the progress of a new musical, one of the writers goes through the entire Girls Underground archetype, comparing the various plot points to his own creation and finding a lot of commonality, in a post called Kelly Underground. I love this!

6182X8ZGDCL._SL160_While I mentioned the 1985 movie Return to Oz in my original Wizard of Oz post, I decided after re-watching it recently that it deserved its own entry, much like I did for Tin Man. Based on a combination of several of L. Frank Baum’s books, this movie is much more faithful to the original spirit of Oz than the more famous 1939 movie – for one thing, Dorothy (played by Fairuza Balk) is the proper age! – and is a great Girls Underground example in its own right.

After returning from her first trip to Oz, Dorothy has become troubled by her memories, which of course her aunt and uncle think are only fantasies. They arrange for her to receive electro-shock therapy, but she runs away during a storm and ends up in Oz again, with her pet chicken (who can now talk). They discover that all is not well in the kingdom, which has been taken over by the evil Nome King and overrun by truly creepy minions called Wheelers.

Dorothy discovers a new companion, a mechanical man named Tik Tok who was sent by the Scarecrow to help her. She tries to get information from a supposed princess called Mombi, but discovers she is a witch in league with the Nome King, and Mombi traps Dorothy in her tower. There she meets Jack Pumpkinhead, who was brought to life by a magical powder – Dorothy steals the powder to enliven a winged creature they all cobble together from furniture in the tower, and they all escape by air to confront the Nome King.

There, Dorothy and her companions take a tumble down, down underground, where the Nome King informs them that he has turned all Dorothy’s old companions into ornaments in his palace, and they must play a game to try to rescue them. But her new companions fail, and it is left to Dorothy to save all of them, which she does. In a rage, the Nome King tries to eat Jack, but the chicken (who was hiding in his head) lays an egg in her distress, which falls into the King’s mouth and poisons him. Dorothy then puts everything else back in place, returning the Emerald City to its former glory.

She refuses the Queenship of Oz and wishes instead to return to Kansas again (why?!), leaving behind her chicken, who has better sense and elects to stay where things are magical. Back at home in her room, she can see some of Oz’s inhabitants in her mirror, very much like the final scene of Labyrinth.

51ysrNDhV3L._SL160_While I’d watched the movie a few years ago, I had never read the book Inkheart by Cornelia Funke until just now. As I suspected, it is indeed closer to the GU archetype than the movie was (which didn’t focus as much on the girl).

Meggie, 12, never knew her mother, who disappeared when she was three years old. She lives with her bookbinder father until one day a mysterious man named Dustfinger shows up and they are suddenly on the run, protecting a book she has never seen before. While staying with her great-aunt, they are betrayed by Dustfinger (and off and on companion of sorts throughout the story, but an untrustworthy one to the end) and Meggie’s father is captured by the evil Capricorn’s henchmen. She goes off to rescue him, and discovers that he has a secret and special talent – when he reads from a book aloud, things and people can come out of the book into this world… but there is always an exchange, and Meggie’s mother disappeared into the book he is now trying to protect (so that one day he might get her out again).

They all escape (along with a new companion, a boy who was read out of Arabian Nights, and who has a crush on Meggie) and go to find the book’s author, in hopes he has another copy, but are captured again. Meggie discovers that she too possesses this magical ability – exciting for her, but also dangerous as Capricorn turns his attention to her (he wants a reader to provide treasure, and more henchmen, and ultimately an evil being from his world called the Shadow). With the help of the author, Meggie tricks Capricorn in the final showdown, and manages to annihilate everyone who threatens her, rescuing her mother along the way.

51+tbHd55lL._SL160_The Glass Sentence by S.E. Grove features a unique and imaginative world concept that made up for the way the adversary relationship sort of just petered out at the end.

Sophia, 13, lives with her uncle after her parents went missing a decade ago. She lives in the 1890’s, technically, but hers is a strange world – ever since the Great Disruption, all the eras of history exist side by side across the planet, so while it’s the 19th century in America (now called New Occident), it might be the 13th century in another area, the 40th century in another, and prehistoric times elsewhere. Cartologers chart time as well as geography in their magical maps, and her uncle is one of the best – just beginning to teach her the art. When he is kidnapped, Sophia goes in search of him, accompanied by a mysterious boy she just met.

They are chased by the terrifying minions of her uncle’s kidnapper, Blanca, a veiled woman who is trying to find a legendary map that will change the world. Sophia possesses the key to Blanca’s goal, although she doesn’t understand its significance. She is temporarily abandoned by her companion but taken up by friendly pirates. She finds her uncle, loses and then rescues her other companions, but then they all must flee together. They go underground into a labyrinth that leads to an empty city, where many answers can be found. Sophia does end up alone with the adversary at the end, but instead of a showdown, the adversary gives up her plans – seeing her inevitable defeat as the world is on the brink of destruction – and helps Sophia with the task she was destined for.

This was an incredibly engaging and interesting book, and I especially liked how Sophia was sort of unhinged from time, and could easily experience a moment as a day, or vice versa – which could be an advantage or a disadvantage. Having a bit of that problem myself, I could relate, and it made her more complex and thoughtful than the average 13 year old.

bfdd53926f969f5222951e6fa7311d1aThis is another example of “If the Story Were About Her“. If you watch the first season of the television show American Horror Story from the perspective of the daughter, Violet, it appears to be a Girls Underground story. Warning: SPOILERS ahead, I can’t talk about this without them.

First of all, the entire show takes place in a house, as many GU stories do – an extremely haunted house. In fact, Violet can’t even leave the house by the end, once she has died there (returning to her life as if everything is still normal after that transition mimics the “returning home in the middle of the adventure” trope common to GU stories). She certainly has the classic distant and distracted parents – so much so that they don’t even realize she is dead! When she is dead, her body is literally underground, in the crawlspace below the house.

Violet’s relationship with Tate is the most interesting part. He is both adversary and companion. As a companion, he watches out for her and tries to save her life, and helps her cope once she is a ghost. But as her adversary, he lies to her, tries to control her, and ultimately she must face off against him and banish him (“Go away, Tate!”).

Not quite a full GU example, but worth mentioning.

61g5izigvVL._SL160_The Riverman by Aaron Starmer isn’t a GU book, but it deserves a mention here – and not just because it was so unique and riveting that I was literally unable to put it down, and read it all in a single sitting last night. It isn’t a GU story – but it’s the story of a GU companion, essentially, and provides an interesting perspective on that role.

Alistair, 12, gets a visit one day from a childhood friend, Fiona, who tells him an unbelievable story. Since the age of four, she has been visiting a magical otherworld called Aquavania, where everything is created by the imagination. But there is a sinister threat – a figure called the Riverman has been invading children’s self-created worlds there and sucking out their souls. Fiona fears she will be next.

Alistair never journeys with Fiona, and for most of the book he is doubtful that any of her story is real – assuming instead that it is a cover for a more mundane but still awful trauma. But as things escalate, the horrible truth of the Riverman is revealed, and Fiona disappears, leaving Alistair to figure it all out. I can’t really say  more here without spoiling it, and this is a book that hinges on the mystery, so I will leave it at that.

But what fascinated me along with the plot was to read a first-person narrative by a Girl Underground’s companion, to see him as a protagonist in his own story, with the Girl’s adventures being only related second-hand, and taking a secondary role. And there is no doubt that Fiona is a Girl Underground – the author’s website even gives this description, linking her with several other GUs:

“Fiona Loomis is Alice, back from Wonderland. She is Lucy, returned from Narnia. She is Coraline, home from the Other World. She is the girl we read about in storybooks, but here’s the difference: She is real.”

While I felt that this book stood on its own even with a somewhat unresolved ending (not everything, after all, needs to be neatly tied up in reality), it turns out there are two more books planned, and I will have to give them a shot despite my skepticism about series, since this one was so engaging.


“But this was the way the world was. It was deeper and stranger and scarier than she’d ever imagined, but it was real. To forget, to give up now, would just be giving in to her fear. And Alice’s father hadn’t raised her to give up.”

The Forbidden Library by Django Wexler is a good illustration of how certain plot elements are essential to a Girls Underground story – without them, it’s not just a matter of the story not “qualifying” by my standards, but it often falls flat when it has all the other ingredients but is missing something essential. This “honorable mention” is missing a strong adversary and final confrontation, and it made the ending quite disappointing for me. (Not surprisingly, I see there is a sequel which drags out the main mystery some more, and maybe will solidify an adversary… but I prefer books that can stand on their own.)

Alice, 12, spies her father talking to a fairy one night, and her entire world is turned upside-down. Not only is reality not what she supposed it to be, but the conversation spurs her father on a trip from which he never returns. Alice is sent to live with an uncle, who is not really her uncle, in a strange house with an even stranger library. She meets a talking cat, and a mysterious boy living secretly in the library, who become companions of sorts, though neither of them very helpful. After being transported into a book and having to fight her way out, Alice is informed by her “uncle” that the world has magic in it, and she has great potential to be a powerful magician.

Alice tries to find out what really happened to her father, but the issue is never resolved. There are several potential adversaries, but in the end it seems no one can be trusted, and it’s unclear who – if anyone – is her primary foe. Therefore, while the book was entertaining enough, in the end it was not particularly satisfying.

51m3bOq-yoL._SL160_“All her life she had longed for something else, for something to take her out of the humdrum world she knew – and now that it looked like it might actually happen, she didn’t have one clue what to do.”

Skulduggery Pleasant (re-titled Scepter of the Ancients in the paperback release) by Derek Landy is the first of a long series, but I have only read the first one – and despite it being a witty, fun book, probably will not commit to eight more of them!

Stephanie, 12, inherits her uncle’s estate, and is immediately attacked for unknown reasons, and saved by a mysterious man who turns out to be a living skeleton (named Skulduggery Pleasant). She discovers a whole hidden world behind the world she knows – filled with magic and strange people, and under threat of war. An evil man named Nefarian Serpine is trying to find a magical, deadly scepter, and thinks Stephanie knows where it is (because her uncle did). He keeps sending his henchmen after her.

Skulduggery is briefly captured and she must rescue him with help from other companions. There is a sort of betrayal by one of them. She briefly returns to home and normality but just as quickly embarks on adventure again (leaving a magical mirror-version of herself in her place to delay discovery). She chooses a new name, and discovers something special about who she really is. Toward the end, they all go underground to stop the adversary from getting the scepter. But in the final confrontation, while Stephanie briefly faces off against Serpine, she does not defeat him alone.

51Kba192q2L._SL160_This one is really just an Honorable Mention, but I’m featuring it because of how influential this series was to me when I was younger – I rediscovered it at the library recently, and realized it was, generally speaking, a Girls Underground story too!

Witch’s Sister is the first of three witch books by Phyllis Reynolds Naylor, written in the 70’s. Lynn believes her sister Judith is being turned into a witch by their mysterious old neighbor Mrs. Tuggle. She and her friend Mouse spy on Judith and see all manner of strange happenings, and Mouse begins reading an old book on witchcraft, and matching up the legends with Judith’s actions. It appears that the witches are specifically after Lynn’s baby brother, so like a typical GU she must rescue him. The climax of this particular book happens during a stormy night when Lynn’s parents have gone away, and she is left with the witches to defend her brother. She confronts them alone, and manages to foil their plans. But, things are obviously not over, and the story continues in the following books.

This book features the creepy little cantrip that I loved so much I memorized it, and still use it to this day:

From the shadows of the pool,
Black as midnight, thick as gruel,
Come, my nymphs, and you shall be
Silent images of me.

Suck the honey from my lips,
Dance upon my fingertips,
When the darkness tolls the hour,
I shall have you in my power.

Fast upon us, spirits all,
Listen for our whispered call.
Whistling kettle, tinkling bell,
Weave your web and spin your spell.

“The traffic flow from folklore to fiction and film has always been heavy.” - Maria Tatar, Secrets Beyond the Door

An exploration of story…

In which I describe examples of the Girls Underground archetype that I have discovered in literature and film. For more information regarding the concept, including its earlier incarnations in fairytales and mythology, visit the pages linked above. Here is a list of all the examples I have covered thus far.


If you enjoy the Girls Underground concept, please help me keep reading and blogging by donating any amount!

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Alice Days

Celebrate one of the primary inspirations for Girls Underground - Alice in Wonderland - with a holiday down the rabbit hole and through the looking glass! Check out the Alice Days page for party ideas, movie recommendations, and more.


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